Do kidney stones cause constipation

kidney stones


Small, painful, hard mineral crystals called kidney stones develop in the kidneys. They are mostly made of minerals and salts, and when they form, they can produce a variety of urinary symptoms as well as terrible discomfort. Constipation, on the other hand, is a common digestive condition marked by irregular bowel motions and trouble passing stool. Although it may not appear like there is a relationship between these two health issues, some people have claimed that kidney stones and constipation may be associated. We shall go into the subject of whether kidney stones induce constipation in this post.

Knowledge of Kidney Stones

It is important to first appreciate how kidney stones grow and the symptoms they might cause in order to fully understand the potential connection between kidney stones and constipation. When certain minerals and salts are present in excess in the urine, solid crystals can develop and become kidney stones. Stones of various sizes can be created by combining these crystals. They might not show any symptoms if they stay in the kidneys. However, if they enter the urinary tract, they can cause excruciating pain.

Kidney stone symptoms frequently include:

Pain that comes and goes: Renal colic, or sudden and intense pain, is a common symptom of kidney stones. The lower abdomen and groin might be affected as well as the back and sides.

Urination more frequently than usual: People with kidney stones may have a stronger need to pee, which is occasionally accompanied by painful urination.

Hematuria: Blood in the urine, which can appear pink, red, or brown, is a typical symptom.

Vomiting and nausea: Kidney stones can cause nausea and vomiting as a result of their pain and discomfort.

Urinary urgency: Even when only little volumes of urine are evacuated, a need to pee urgently may still arise.

Is There a Link Between Kidney Stones and Constipation?

Although urinary system symptoms are the main focus of kidney stone symptoms, the topic of whether kidney stones can lead to constipation arises owing to the kidneys’ near closeness to other abdominal organs, such as the intestines. It’s crucial to remember that kidney stones do not by themselves induce constipation.

Usually, kidney stones have little effect on how well the digestive tract, which is in charge of bowel motions, operates. Low-fiber diets, dehydration, a lack of exercise, and certain medical disorders are the main causes of constipation. These parameters are not directly impacted by the development or migration of kidney stones.

Indirect Considerations

Although kidney stones do not directly induce constipation, there are certain indirect variables that may do so in those who have kidney stones:

Medication: Opioids, in particular, which are frequently administered to treat kidney stone pain, might slow down digestion and cause constipation.

Dehydration: Kidney stone production is frequently influenced by dehydration. As the body takes more water from the colon to stay hydrated, it can also cause constipation, which results in hard, dry stool.

Dietary Modifications: People with kidney stones may alter their diets to stop new stones from forming, but doing so may unintentionally reduce their intake of fiber and cause constipation.

worry and Anxiety: Kidney stones can cause pain and discomfort that can lead to worry and anxiety, which can impact bowel patterns and create constipation.


In conclusion, it cannot be said that kidney stones themselves cause constipation. However, a number of other kidney stone-related conditions, including drugs, dehydration, dietary changes, and stress, may also cause constipation in those who are impacted. Consult with a healthcare provider right away if you have kidney stones and constipation so that you can properly treat both conditions. A multidisciplinary strategy is necessary to treat kidney stones and constipation. This approach may include drugs, dietary changes, more fluid consumption, and stress reduction approaches. Always seek medical advice and adhere to a customized treatment plan to ease the discomfort brought on by kidney stones and constipation.


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